英語でニッポンをフカボリ！ DID YOU KNOW…?『老舗』
まずはKey Words & Phrasesから。
with a history of over _ years（＿年の歴史を持った）
the world’s largest number of（世界最多の～）
same applies to（～にも同じことが言える・当てはまる）
make up the majority of （～の大半を占める）
Did you know that Japan has the world’s largest number of long-established companies?（日本の老舗企業の数は世界最多って知ってましたか？）
・Japan is well known as a country with long living people, and the same applies to businesses.
・An amazing number of companies have existed for a century or more in Japan, which is overwhelmingly large compared with other countries. According to a certain survey, Japanese businesses account for over 40 percent of companies with a history of over 100 years.
・In addition to that, the world’s oldest company is also in Japan, which was established in the 6th century.
・In Japan, many companies live a long time as well as the people.
3 Questions for Digging Deeper! 《 もっと掘り下げてみよう！ 》
What areas of business are the long-established companies in?
Generally, manufacturers, retailers and wholesalers tend to exist for a very long time and they make up the majority of century-old companies. Incidentally, some of the long-established companies are over-millennium-old and they include construction companies, hotels and a tea house.
What business does the oldest company operate?（最古の会社は何をやっている企業なの？）
The world’s oldest company operated a construction business specialized in building temples and shrines. Originally, the company was established by one of the carpenters who built a temple called “Shitenno-ji” in Osaka. Shitenno-ji is regarded as the first temple which was officially administered and it was said to be built in order to popularize Buddhism. Although the company is technically no longer active, as they became a subsidiary of another construction company, they are still involved with their original business.
Why does Japan hold so many long-established companies? （日本に老舗企業が多い理由は？）
One of the possible reasons would be that people were able to concentrate on business activity as Japan enjoyed a relatively peaceful time for a long time. What is more, the Japanese citizens respect tradition and diligence. These mindsets probably produce power to continue a business for a longer time and generate a number of long-lasting businesses.