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父の日にちなんでフィリピンの家族事情を紹介した地元紙「The Philippine Star」の記事をLiz講師が要約してくれましたので、今日はこちらをどうぞ。



Father’s Day

By Liz Agawa

There are many different historical accounts of the origins of Father’s Day. The most credible story is that it was started in Spokane, Washington by Sonora Smart Dodd. After hearing a sermon on Mother’s Day in 1909, she told her pastor that fathers should have a similar holiday. She initially suggested June 5, her father’s birthday. But the pastors did not have enough time to prepare their sermons, thus deferring the celebration to the third Sunday of June 1909.

The celebration of both Mother’s and Father’s Days in the Philippine has to be appreciated within the context of our culture.

The family is the most important social group in our culture, the center of the typical Filipino’s universe. A Filipino’s identity is typically and strongly defined by close-knit family ties that oftentimes place the interests of the family above personal interests. Familial harmony, respect for elders, fulfilling duties and expectations and deference to parental authority are highly valued.

The behaviors and achievements of the individual reflect on the family as a whole and bring about either familial pride or shame. In the typical family, it is imperative that one behaves with respect to the self and the family sense of hiya which refers to family honor, dignity and propriety.

In most Confucian societies in Asia, there is an emphasis on patriarchal authority. But in Filipino culture, husbands and wives share in family decision-making. In the Bible, man was created first. But in Filipino folklore, man and woman emerged simultaneously from a large bamboo tube.

Filipino mothers are considered the primary caregivers in the family, holding the “reins” in bringing up the children and managing the home. The father is the authority figure and likely to exercise more parental control especially when a child misbehaves.

After reading different letters of fathers to children and sons and daughters to their fathers, I am convinced that the greatest gift of a father is unconditional love; and, the greatest role is to be a model and inspiration to their children.

In the end, although there’s much more ado about Mother’s Day than Father’s Day, undoubtedly both days essentially celebrate the Filipino Family.

The Philippine Star
“Much ado about Father’s Day” by Elfren S. Cruz


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